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As the government begins to wake its shaky legs from the 16-day shutdown, recipients of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) are starting to find out what happens Nov. 1, when extra funding for SNAP runs out.
SNAP, the program behind food stamps, received an increase in funding thanks to the Federal Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) on April 1, 2009, increasing benefits by 13.6 percent, based off a June 2009 assessment of "cost of food."
The increase, which allowed a one-person household to receive a maximum of $200 a month for food, will end Oct. 31, 2013. Instead, the amount allotted for certain households will depend on what the USDA has calculated as the "cost of food at home" for June 2013.
The Official USDA Food Plans, which calculate the cost of preparing a nutritious diet at home based on recommended dietary guidelines, found that on a "thrifty" plan, a male between 19 and 50 years old needs $182 to eat healthy for a month.
Translated to benefits, this means a single-person household receiving the maximum benefit of $200 a month will receive $189 a month, an $11 difference. A two-person household will receive $20 ($347 instead of $367) and so on. The minimum benefit payment of $16, in the meantime, will decrease by $1.
Of course, every receiver will have a different allocation based on age, income, and more eligibility factors, regardless of the state. Benefit decreases will hit SNAP receivers Nov. 1, but SNAP will not disappear. Here's the table comparing the maximum benefit changes come Nov. 1.
The US Department of Agriculture (USDA), Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), called Basic Food in Washington, helps people with low incomes make ends meet by providing monthly benefits to buy food.
NEWS: Congress approved supplemental funding for recipients of food assistance due to the impacts of COVID-19. Food supplements have been issued since April 2020 and continue on a month-to-month basis with federal approval. You can learn more about these supplemental benefits here (Cambodian, Chinese, Korean, Laotian, Russian, Somali, Spanish, Vietnamese).
1972-1980: Real AFDC Benefits Shrink as Inflation Soars
From 1972 to 1980 AFDC benefits increased in current dollars by 43%. However, the double digit inflation in the mid and late 1970s increased the Consumer Price Index (CPI) by 95% during the same period. By 1980, benefits were $6,424 (in constant 1994 dollars), less than three-quarters of their 1972 level.
From 1972 to 1976 Food Stamp benefits increased in current dollars by 57% (a 16% real increase). Program changes in the late 1970s slowed current dollar growth to less than the rate of inflation. This produced a decline from $2,556 to $2,407 (in constant 1994 dollars), 1 6% real decrease.
In 1972, AFDC benefits were 80% of the combined total of AFDC and Food Stamp benefits. By 1980, they were 73%.
Combined AFDC & Food Stamp benefits increase in current dollars by 26% from 1972 to 1976, 1 7% real decrease. From 1976 to 1980 they increased in current dollars by 25% (a 13% real decrease).
From 1972 through 1977 State governments' spending on AFDC benefits and administration experienced a 16% increase in real terms. State governments' real spending dropped by 14% from 1977 to 1980. As a proportion of their net revenues (revenues minus intergovernmental transfers), the States' AFDC spending declined from 3.8% in 1972 to 2.9% in 1980.
Midnight in the food-stamp economy
SAN FRANCISCO/LOS ANGELES (Reuters) - At 11 p.m. on the last day of the month, shoppers flock to the nearest Walmart. They load their carts with food and household items and wait for the midnight hour. That’s when food stamp credits are loaded on their electronic benefits transfer cards.
Thelma Zambrano eats lunch with her husband Jesse Torres and daughter Vida Torres, 2, at their home in Santa Ana, California, December 10, 2009. REUTERS/Lucy Nicholson
“Once the clock strikes midnight and EBT cards are charged, you can see our results start to tick up,” says Tom Schoewe, Wal-Mart Stores Inc’s chief financial officer.
As food stamps become an increasingly common currency in a struggling U.S. economy, they are dictating changes in how even the biggest retailers do business.
From Costco to Wal-Mart, store chains are rethinking years of strategy as they watch prized customers lose jobs and turn to this benefit, the stigma of which is disappearing not just in society, but in corporate America.
Besides staffing up for the spike in shoppers on the first day of the month, retailers are adjusting when and what they stock, updating point-of-sale systems to accept food stamps and shifting expansion plans to focus on lower-income shoppers.
Take Costco Wholesale Corp, a warehouse club operator that caters to middle income Americans who must pay $50 a year to shop in its stores. Nudged along by New York Attorney General Andrew Cuomo, who threatened legal action, Costco began accepting food stamps at a few New York stores in May. It now plans to clear the payments in all of its 413 locations in the United States and Puerto Rico.
“Our view was . we would not get a lot of food stamps because our member on average is a little more upscale,” Costco Chief Financial Officer Richard Galanti said in October. “Well, I think that was probably a little bit arrogant on our part.”
As of September, a record of more than 37 million people were enrolled for the government benefit, federal officials told Reuters, an increase of nearly 35 percent since the U.S. slid into recession at the end of 2007.
An estimated one in eight Americans depends on the benefit to buy food. With the nation’s unemployment in double digits, more people are expected to enroll. By some government estimates, up to 16 million people who are not receiving food stamps today could qualify.
For a graphic on growing food stamp use, click on link.reuters.com/huq47g
What’s more, unemployed Americans are finding that it takes longer and longer to get work. This suggests that food stamps will play a bigger role over the next few years, not just for people, but for stores in need of customers, according to interviews with retail executives, economists, federal and state officials and benefit recipients.
“It is a very important and increasingly important source of revenue for the . supermarkets and stores that have been approved across the country to process those benefits,” Kevin Concannon, U.S. undersecretary of agriculture, said in an interview this month.
Stores have little choice but to respond. And they are.
In the fiscal year that ended in September, 193,753 U.S. retailers accepted food stamps, 17 percent more than the same period two years earlier. “For some chains. it’s 10 to 12 percent of their revenues,” Concannon said. “Depending on how poor the area may be, it may even be higher.”
Tellingly, electronic benefits transfer (EBT) transactions processed by retailers jumped 53 percent this year on a same-store sales basis on Black Friday, the kickoff to the U.S. holiday shopping season, payments processor First Data told Reuters.
EBT includes food stamps and other government benefits like temporary cash assistance for needy families and food assistance for new and expecting mothers.
Food Stamp Benefits to Shrink November 1 - Recipes
SNAP enables low-income families to buy nutritious food with Electronic Benefits Transfer (EBT) cards. SNAP recipients spend their benefits to buy eligible food in authorized retail food stores/Farmers' Markets.
To be considered eligible for SNAP assistance, you must meet the following basic requirements:
- U.S. citizen or legal alien
- Work requirements (unemployed adults, ages 18 TO 50)
- Meet income standard(s) shown on Appendix C-3
- Social Security Number for all members included in food benefit household.
SNAP Employment and Training Program
OK SNAP Works is Oklahoma’s Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Employment and Training Program.
Individuals who receive SNAP benefits, are looking for a job, and do not receive cash assistance (TANF) may be eligible to participate in free job training. The OK SNAP Works program is currently only offered in Oklahoma and Tulsa Counties at this time. View the "Helping SNAP Clients Find and Keep a Job" brochure.
Sign up for OK SNAP Works and you can:
- Learn new job skills in a professional, technical or vocational program
- Improve your English, reading, writing and math skills in Adult Basic Education.
- Write an effective resume
- Improve your interview skills
- Start a Career
Participants may qualify for additional assistance to assist while they gain these skills
- Child care services while you participate in OK SNAP Works
- Transportation assistance
- OK SNAP Works will provide books related to the training courses.
- Work/Training clothing needed to help you succeed.
If you are interested in signing up or want more information please contact us at [email protected] Oklahoma County Partners
- delivers integrated services to help Oklahomans rapidly regain employment, mitigate their risk of future job loss, and advance along career pathways. is a court ordered program, allowing clients to participate in an array of services to help them become self-sufficient, tax paying citizens of the community and break the cycles of intergenerational poverty, addiction, and incarceration." works to break down barriers to traditional employment and develop time management, money management, and social skills, to provide both a voice and employment opportunities for people who are experiencing homelessness."
Tulsa County Partners
- helps participants move upward by providing engaging career training programs, continuing education seminars and certifications in demand-driven career fields. innovative approach works to understand employer's skill gap needs and connect individuals to free technical training, full-time job placement and career advancement coaching.
Specialty Providers that Offer Services to Individuals Already in their Program
Food stamp benefits shrink but Colorado has some good news on hunger
Dr. Robin Dickinson never expected to be on food stamps.
After graduating from the University of Colorado School of Medicine, she landed her dream job in a family medicine group in Conifer. She worked and her husband stayed home with their toddler and newborn.
But in December 2012, at age 31, she had two strokes after a tear in a neck artery sent a blood clot to her brain. She had to quit work because the cerebellar stroke affected her balance.
“By April, we were down to eating oatmeal, potatoes and rice,” she said.
Then she realized the family qualified for food stamps.
“I was so excited,” she said. “There is a safety net, and it’s there for a reason.”
But in the aftermath of the Great Recession, the safety net is now shrinking. Benefits were cut by $5 billion in November when a temporary boost in the 2009 federal stimulus bill expired, and another $6 billion will be cut in fiscal years 2015 and 2016.
The five-year farm bill &mdash passed by the House and expected to reach the Senate on Monday &mdash includes $8.6 billion in cuts to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefits over the next 10 years.
In Colorado, however, there’s some good news.
The farm-bill cut in food-stamp benefits will not affect people in this state. It applies to 850,000 households in 17 states that use “Heat and Eat” policies, which coordinate SNAP and the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance so the poor do not have to choose between food and energy.
Colorado does not have a “Heat and Eat” program, so people who receive SNAP benefits won’t take the $90 monthly hit that some will in other states.
Also, the flawed computer system that used to keep Colorado people who were eligible for benefits waiting for months has been fixed, Hunger Free Colorado executive director Kathy Underhill said.
Despite a 59 percent increase in food-stamp recipients from 2009 to 2013, about 94 percent of the state’s SNAP applications are processed within the federal standard of 30 days, up from 70 percent in 2011. The state’s food-stamp application, once the longest in the country at 26 pages, is now only eight pages.
“Immense progress has been made,” Underhill said. “The state is doing great, and so are the counties.”
And food banks may soon be getting more fresh produce to distribute to clients. On Feb. 10, a bill with bipartisan support will be heard by the state House Agriculture Committee that would give Colorado farmers a tax credit for fresh fruit and vegetables they harvest and donate to the state’s qualified nonprofit food banks.
In Colorado, nearly 78 percent of the 512,000 people on food stamps are in families with children, and 44 percent are in working families, according to the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities in Washington, D.C.
The November cut in SNAP benefits affected them all, including Dickinson’s family.
“We stopped eating meat mostly, down to a few times a month,” she said, “and no fresh green salad.”
Their monthly benefits dropped to $400 from $600, partly from the SNAP cuts but also because her income had risen a bit.
After her strokes, she and her husband looked at their long-term future and decided it made more sense for her to focus on the small medical practice that she started as a hobby near their home in Englewood.
Her husband has only a high school degree, which probably meant a future of minimum-wage jobs.
As she slowly recovers from the strokes, Dickinson works part time treating low-income patients who have no insurance at her clinic, Community Supported Family Medicine
Her income covers the mortgage on their 900-square-foot house, plus energy, water and phone.
Dickinson hopes to be off the food-stamp program by the end of the year, but for now, all of the family’s food is bought with SNAP benefits &mdash about $1.10 per meal.
“I calculate all our prices per pound and per serving,” she said. “With a banana, about 50 percent of the weight is skin. But you can eat most of a pineapple, so that is a better deal when there’s a sale.”
The possibility of local food banks getting more fresh vegetables and fruits
is encouraging to both Dickinson and John Nordlander, who heads the food pantry at Wellspring Church, where she volunteers.
“I can get a 20-pound box of Snickers for $1.50, but to get produce is very difficult,” said Nordlander, who gets food from large regional food banks for his once-weekly distributions. The small food bank has experienced increased traffic since the food-stamp cuts took place in November.
“We’re seeing a lot of new people we’ve not seen before,” he said.
As a doctor receiving food stamps who treats many patients who also qualify, Dickinson said she hopes being open about her situation will take some of the stigma of SNAP away.
One of her patients is from a middle-class family hit by the recession.
The husband lost his job, and the wife is finding it tough to get back into the workforce after taking time out to be a full-time mother.
“I told her about food stamps,” said Dickinson. “She said she couldn’t do that, because she would be so embarrassed. I said, ‘I’m on it, and I’m someone who has worked my entire life.’ “
Colleen O’Connor: 303-954-1083, [email protected] or twitter.com/coconnordp
What hunger looks like
“Hunger Through My Lens,” a traveling photo exhibition about hunger in Colorado, will be in the north foyer of the Colorado State Capitol on Wednesday from 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
Fifteen women from the Denver metro area, including Robin Dickinson, will showcase their photos, meet visitors, and discuss how hunger impacts their communities.
Millions on food stamps facing benefits cuts
(MoneyWatch) It is late October, so Adrianne Flowers is out of money to buy food for her family. That is no surprise. Feeding five kids is expensive, and the roughly $600 in food stamps she gets from the federal government never lasts the whole month. "I'm barely making it," said the 31-year-old Washington, D.C., resident and single mother.
Starting Friday, the money is likely to run out even quicker.
That is when Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, or SNAP, benefits are set to fall for more than 47 million lower-income people -- 1 in 7 Americans -- most of whom live in households with children, seniors or people with disabilities. Barring congressional intervention, the maximum payment for a family of four will shrink from $668 a month to $632, or $432 over the course of a year.
That amounts to 21 meals per month, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The cuts will leave participants in the program, better known as food stamps, with an average of $1.40 to spend on each meal. The amount people get could sink even more if Congress makes deeper cuts later this year when House and Senate lawmakers try to hammer out a farm bill.
The Nov. 1 benefit cuts "will be close to catastrophic for many people," said Ross Fraser, a spokesman for Feeding America, the nation's largest domestic hunger-relief charity, which estimates that this week's SNAP reduction will result in a loss of nearly 2 billion meals for poor families next year.
Food stamps are the government's biggest nutrition-assistance program for low-income people and, along with federal unemployment benefits, a key support system for the most vulnerable Americans. More than three-quarters of households getting food stamps include a child, elderly person or someone with a disability. Some 83 percent of families are at or below the official poverty line (roughly $11,500 for an individual and $23,500 for a family of four).
Not surprisingly, participation in SNAP has soared during the epic downturn and ongoing job slump that followed the housing crash, with an additional 21 million people added to the rolls since 2008. Today, more than 1 in 4 U.S. children live in a home that gets food stamps.
SNAP gets a lot of use: Statistics show that roughly half of all U.S. children go on food stamps sometime during their childhood half of all adults are on them sometime between the ages of 18 and 65. The USDA estimates that, as of last year, nearly 15 percent of American families, or 18 million households, lacked enough food at least some of the time to ensure that all family members could stay healthy.
Another group with lots of members in SNAP: Veterans. U.S. Census Bureau data show that, in 2011, some 900,000 former U.S. military personnel lived in households that used food stamps.
The average SNAP recipient receives about $133 a month in benefits, while the typical family gets $278. Benefits are means-tested, meaning that poorer households receive larger benefits (The formula used to calculate payments assumes that families will spend 30 percent of their net income on food.)
With the vast majority of SNAP beneficiaries already destitute, the diminished assistance would hurt in the best of times. But the Great Recession has thrown millions more people into poverty, including a growing segment of working poor. Experts say the food stamp cuts will spread hunger in the U.S., undermine public health and tax food banks around the country struggling to cope with the upsurge in poverty.
"The cuts are going to make millions of people hungry," said Jim Weill, president of the Food Research and Action Center, a not-for-profit public policy firm focused on ending hunger in the U.S. "It's going to send people into a charitable system that's already overwhelmed and screaming for help itself. And it will make life harder and worse for millions of children, seniors, veterans and people with disabilities."
Another possible casualty -- everyone else. The left-leaning Center for Budget and Policy Priorities, a Washington think-tank, says that the November benefit cuts will curtail the flow of money into every U.S. state, in some cases by hundreds of millions of dollars.
The concern? Economists have found that every dollar of SNAP spending generates roughly $1.70 in local economic activity. The USDA has calculated that food stamps generate an even bigger bang for the buck. So pinching food stamp recipients also will squeeze the broader U.S. economy. Among other effects, that could dent revenues for the nearly 250,000 groceries and supermarkets around the country that accept SNAP payments, potentially affecting everyone from store workers and truck drivers delivering food to consumers, as food sellers raise prices to offset the loss of revenue.
Meanwhile, research suggests that reducing food aid could not only increase hunger, but also undermine public health. In a six-year study, Children's HealthWatch, a nonpartisan pediatric research center, recently found that young children in families that got SNAP benefits were at significantly lower risk of being underweight, which is linked with poor nutrition, and of developmental delays. That jibes with research by Northwestern University economist Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach. She has found that since food stamps were introduced in the 1960s, women in the program have seen a reduction in low-weight births and a decrease in infant mortality.
Families that get food stamps are also able to eat more healthfully and are less likely to skip doctor's visits to pay for food, housing and other basic needs. "Increasing SNAP benefit levels improves family diet quality and children's health," the authors of the Children's HealthWatch report wrote.
SNAP costs about $80 billion a year, which amounts to roughly 2 percent of the federal budget. It is paid for entirely by the federal government, although administrative costs are shared by states. Congress reauthorizes funding for the program every five years.
Payments are scheduled to decline this week because Congress three years ago voted to reverse a temporary increase in benefits made under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, a 2009 law passed to bolster the sagging economy.
As the economy was melting down, lawmakers at the time lifted monthly SNAP payments by $20 to $24 per month. Economists say this is an effective way to stimulate growth because the poor must spend almost all of their money just to get by. That, in turn, funnels money into the economy, creating a "multiplier" effect as food benefits spent in a grocery store generate revenue for other businesses.
The size of SNAP cuts will vary by state. California faces the largest spending reduction, at $457 million, which will affect more than 4 million people. Other states with large populations of SNAP recipients expected to see big cuts include Florida, Michigan, New York and Texas. Some states have already sought to trim the rolls by imposing new eligibility requirements for food stamps. In Ohio, for example, able-bodied people must work or get job training at least 20 hours a week to qualify for SNAP.
For critics of food stamps, including those who express concern about certain kinds of government spending, such measures are necessary to shrink the federal deficit and encourage SNAP beneficiaries to work. Hostility to the program, especially among some conservatives, has long made it a target. In the early 1980s, for example, Congress moved to slim down SNAP costs by basing benefits on people's gross, not net, income and by limiting income tax deductions for people, among other measures.
The reality, however, is that many people who get food stamps are working. Well over half of SNAP recipients have jobs, according to the Center for Budget and Policy Priorities. More than 80 percent of beneficiaries find employment within a year of starting to collect payments.
With the economy no longer in free-fall and SNAP participation leveling off, analysts also do not expect the program to drive up the deficit. The Congressional Budget Office projects federal spending on food stamps to fall over the next five years as the economy strengthens.
Most SNAP recipients run out of food stamps by the third week of the month, Fraser said. Parents often skip meals to ensure children are fed and use other means to make ends meet. "I had a mother tell me recently that her children loved milk, so she was secretly watering it down to stretch it," he said.
"It's always, 'I've got to get something for my kids.' They're not coming in and asking for snacks or this or that. They're asking for things like milk and cereal," added Margarette Purvis, CEO of the Food Bank for New York City, which provides food to more than 1.5 million local residents. "They're saying that they don't have anything for breakfast. People are looking for something they can feed their children right now."
Families, particularly single mothers, rely heavily on food kitchens, mobile food pantries, faith-based organizations and other charitable groups when their food stamps run out. Flowers leans on her church and Bread for the City, a Washington, D.C., group that provides food, clothing, medical care and other services for lower-income people.
But that, too, worries, anti-hunger specialists. People in the field say food banks across the country are already at their limit in the help they can offer people. Resources are always tight, and they have been stretched to bursting by the recession and anemic recovery.
"While this work is fueled by love, it can't be sustained by it," said Purvis, a veteran hunger activist who nevertheless expressed shock that Congress would reduce food aid. "You need cash and you need resources. And right now there is none."
As usual with large socioeconomic problems requiring public policy solutions, any remedies in principle lie in Washington. That may be bad news for SNAP recipients. Although some Democrats in Congress have attacked the Nov. 1 rollback in benefits, the Democratic-controlled Senate in June approved legislation that included $4.5 billion in SNAP cuts. House Republicans envision far more draconian cuts, passing a bill last month that would cut funding for the program by $40 billion over 10 years.
When it comes to America's hungry, it seems, political leaders who can't agree on anything can agree on this: The poor can make do with less.
For her part, Flowers has not given up hope that elected officials will help her keep food on the table. "They found a solution to the government shutdown," she said, "so I hope they can find a solution to this."
USDA drops Trump plan to cut food stamps for 700,000 Americans
A Trump-era plan to cut food stamps is now off the table after the Biden administration said it is abandoning a previous plan to tighten work requirements for working-age adults without children. Those restrictions were projected to deny federal food assistance benefits to 700,000 adults, a proposal that had had drawn strong condemnation from anti-hunger advocates.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture on March 24 said it is withdrawing a Trump administration appeal of a federal court ruling that had blocked the planned restrictions on the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), better known as food stamps. Trump officials had filed the appeal in May , two months after the coronavirus pandemic had shuttered the economy and caused millions of people to lose their jobs.
Hunger and food insecurity around the U.S. have surged during the pandemic, with 41.4 million people enrolled in SNAP as of November, up 13% from February 2020 before the public health crisis, according to the latest data available from the USDA. Despite that increase, the Trump administration had told CBS MoneyWatch last year that it believed imposing tighter restrictions on food stamps was "the right approach."
USDA Secretary Tom Vilsack said the rule would have hurt some of the most at-risk adults during the ongoing crisis, such as rural Americans, people of color and those with less than a high school degree, who typically have a tougher time finding employment.
"The rule would have penalized individuals who were unable to find consistent income, when many low wage jobs have variable hours, and limited to no sick leave," Vilsack said in a statement.
The restrictions on food stamps were pursued by former USDA Secretary Sonny Perdue, who had said that SNAP should provide "assistance through difficult times, not a way of life."
Biden's First 100 Days
But the Trump administration cuts were blocked by a federal court last March as the coronavirus was erupting around the U.S., with a judge calling the effort "likely unlawful." The judge also noted that food benefits are critical given that "a global pandemic poses widespread health risks."
The USDA rule focuses on so-called "able-bodied adults without dependents," or adults who are 18- to 49-years-old and who don't have disabilities or dependents, such as children or adult family members with disabilities. Unless they have a job or are enrolled in worker training programs, these adults are limited to three months of food stamps within a three-year period, although states can request waivers to that policy.
The Trump administration had sought to make it harder for states to get a waiver, which could have deprived hundreds of thousands of jobless adults of food aid, according to the Urban Institute, which issued that estimate prior to the pandemic. Given the higher rates of unemployment and hunger since then, the rule could have knocked even more people off the program.
"The three-month cutoff penalizes workers for deep flaws in the labor market that the COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted and greatly worsened," said Ed Bolen, a senior policy analyst at the left-leaning Center for Budget and Policy Priorities, in a blog post about the decision to abandon the appeal. "Taking away food benefits doesn't make it easier for anyone to find a stable job it just makes people hungrier."
Using SNAP Benefits to Grow Your Own Food
Every month, more than 44 million people use SNAP to get nutritious food. Most of us probably imagine participants buying items like tomatoes, squash, and apples with their benefits. But did you know that SNAP can also help people grow their own food? With SNAP, participants can buy seeds and edible plants. It’s a great way to get fresh produce right at home! All SNAP retailers, including Farmers’ Markets, can sell seeds and plants to SNAP participants.
For every $1 dollar spent on seeds and fertilizer, home gardeners can grow an average of $25 worth of produce. Growing food from seeds and plants makes SNAP benefits last longer, allowing recipients to double the value of their benefits over time. Supplementing SNAP with homegrown food makes it possible for families to buy food products that they wouldn’t normally be able to afford.
Being producers as well as consumers is an empowering experience for SNAP participants. It allows them to feel self-reliant. It’s also another great way to promote nutrition, enabling people to take pride in eating their own homegrown fruits and vegetables.
Participants who have never gardened might be hesitant to take advantage of seed and plant benefits. Here’s how you can help folks get started:
- People who don’t have a lot of money as long as they meet program rules.
- Most adults age 18 to 49 with no children in the home can get SNAP for only 3 months in a 3-year period. The benefit period might be longer if the person works at least 20 hours a week or is in a job or training program. Some adults might not have to work to get benefits, such as those who have a disability or are pregnant.
The following chart gives a general idea of the amount of money (income) most people or families can get and still be in this program.
|Family size||Monthly amount of income allowed|
|For each additional person, add:||$616|